The consequences of poor nutrition
Malnutrition is the nutritional state which deviates from normal and which is the consequence of an unbalanced diet in quantity and or quality. Malnutrition includes undernourishment, overeating, poor assimilation, and poor nutrition (junk food). If the nutritional intake is too high compared to the needs, the body stores excess fat reserves which in the long run leads to obesity and various overload disorders. Insufficient nutritional intake results in undernutrition.
Malnutrition (undernutrition) does not only exist in poor developing countries, but it also exists in rich countries; in France, undernutrition mainly affects the elderly.
Malnutrition denotes a lack of energy, proteins, and micronutrients (VIT A, iodine, iron).
They are the consequence of insufficient or, on the contrary, excessive consumption of certain foods: we speak of diseases by deficiency or by excess. The main ones are diseases caused by food errors and the consequences of which can be dramatic for health. These are atheroma and coronary artery disease, obesity, arterial hypertension, osteoporosis, cancers …
The consequences of a high-fat diet
The consequences of a hyperlipidemic diet (rich in fat), especially lipids in saturated fatty acids, increases: the risk of cardiovascular diseases and the number of accidents with atherosclerosis, the blood cholesterol level, the risk of obesity.
The consequences of a high carbohydrate diet
Excessive consumption of foods rich in simple sugars (pastry, sweet drink, chocolate, etc.) causes the risk of obesity: carbohydrates consumed beyond requirements are stored in the form of fat: risk of dental caries, diabetes. type 2, risk of cardiovascular disease, excess sugar is responsible for the presence of high triglycerides in the blood
The absorption of sugary products causes a significant secretion of insulin (a hormone that lowers the blood sugar level and which causes dependence on sugars.
The consequences of deficiencies in vitamins, iron, calcium
The consequences of deficiencies in vitamins, iron, calcium, and proteins are general fatigue, loss of appetite, insomnia, and reduced resistance to infections. Vitamin A deficiency leads to blindness, dry skin, hair loss. Vitamin C deficiency causes bone pain, and reduced resistance to infections. Calcium deficiency causes bone and heart problems
The consequences of junk food
Junk food is a bad eating habit by eating fast food, high in fat, consisting of a lot of sugar fast and sedentary; for example, you only eat soda and juice and you crack on a double bacon cheese, white bread such as hot dogs, hamburgers, fried foods, crisps, pizza, chicken and breaded fish fatty meats (sausage, kebab, cakes, ice cream, and candy).
These foods bring a feeling of ephemeral satiety we are hungry shortly after and we get into the habit of snacking throughout the day. Rich in salt, fat, sugar, and poor in vitamins, fiber and minerals, they have virtually no nutritional value. Result: fat storage in tissues and arteries, their high sugar content generates insulin spikes and pump strokes.
Junk food leads to overweight and even obesity, diabetes, osteoporosis, and cardiovascular disease and increases the risk of cancer.
As much as it is easy to understand that what we ingest has a direct impact on the health of our body, however, it is also easy to imagine that our diet also has a significant impact on our mind and our social behavior.
It can have serious repercussions on sleep, work, it reduces the intellectual faculty of students, it makes them more vulnerable to diseases, weakens their motivation and their productivity, poor nutrition can lead to psychological disorders.
Malnutrition can cause depression, fatigue, and weakness.
Deficits caused by malnutrition are manifested by:
- memory difficulties
- mental retardation in severe malnutrition in children
- intellectual slowness
- a learning disability in reading, writing
- the child or teen may have behavioral problems
- attention deficit
- difficulties with emotional or social regulation
People suffering from eating disorders (bulimia, anorexia, overeating) suffer from malnutrition, either undernutrition for anorexia and bulimia, or obesity in overeating.
A balanced diet every day helps prevent malnutrition. Good nutrition leads to good health and physical and moral well-being.